Step by step instructions to Installing a Turbo Kit
For some people, turbo kit has turned out to be synonymous with speed and power. It doesn’t make a difference what somebody is discussing; when somebody mentions turbo kits, everybody thinks performance, and cars are the same. For many makes and models, the turbocharged version has by far the best power to weight ratio available. But what of the cars that do not come equipped with a turbocharger? It is possible to pull the engine and replace it with a turbocharged one, but that can be both time-consuming and expensive. The other option is to simply add a turbo kit to the existing engine. It does take time and some specialized knowledge, but it is one of the best ways to increase the power of any car.
Installing a Turbo Kit
Installing a turbo isn’t hard for any individual who has the time and tools needed, but it does require a significant time investment and careful preparation before beginning the process.
Choose the Right Turbo Kit for the Car
The initial step to installing a turbo is finding one that is perfect with the car and its engine. A standout amongst other approaches to do this is by using a turbo kit. The huge advantage of a turbo kit is that it is typically made to work with a specific engine, so home mechanics can rest assured that the turbo in the kit is compatible with the engine in the car. While it is possible to install a turbo without using a kit, it is not recommended unless the installer has done it before and has access to a full machine shop.
Set up the Turbo for Installation
Before installing a turbo, it is vital to ensure it is prepared for installation. This implies ensuring all gaskets are set up and also the bearings and lubrication. Much of the time, this includes removing the turbo from the header first. Then making sure that all interior parts are scrupulously clean before re-attaching the housing to the header and preparing it for installation. This is also the time to install the wastegate and make sure it operates smoothly.
Set up the Engine for the Turbo
Indeed, even with a turbo kit, it’s not a good idea to just bolt the turbo onto the engine. The engine must be prepared for the turbo as much as the turbo must be prepared before it is mounted. If the turbine uses a fluid bearing, as most do, the oil pan will usually need to be replaced with one that has the proper oil fitting to connect the turbocharger. Fluid bearings use oil from the sump to support and cool the turbine. This means they not only require a connection to the oil pan, but they may also require additional filters and in some cases an additional oil cooler. This is also the time to mount the intercooler if one is being used. The installer should also remove the existing exhaust, as the turbo is normally mounted to the exhaust manifold.
Install the Turbo
Once the turbo and engine are prepared, the turbo assembly should be mounted on the exhaust and after that connected to the intake manifold or intercooler if one is installed. When this is done and the unit is set up, connect the turbo to the air filter housing. In all cases, it is essential to check that all hoses and gaskets are accurately connected and fitted to ensure minimum of leaks.
Installing a turbo is one of the most cost-effective ways of increasing the power of a non-turbo car. With a turbo kit, it becomes a simple matter of preparing the turbo and the engine and then mating them together. After that, all the owner has to do is set up the turbo, fill the car with premium gas, and enjoy the increased performance the turbo brings.