Turbo Kit Basics
If you want to improve your car’s performance, you should consider a turbo kit. A turbocharger is basically an exhaust driven air compressor because your engine is fundamentally an air pump. The power output is directly related to the amount of air that can be introduced into the cylinders. A normal engine is fed by atmospheric pressure, which averages less than 15 pounds per square inch. A turbo kit can generate power by forcing air into the engine at a much higher pressure, increasing power potential.
Adding a turbo kit to your vehicle is a complicated process. Forced induction conversions (the addition of a turbocharger or supercharger) should be done with the utmost care and with a thorough understanding of the concepts that allow the system to operate smoothly. Here is a basic explanation of the main components that should be included in any basic turbo kit and what they do.
Virtually all turbocharger systems will require intercooling for them to function properly. An intercooler is a kind of “air radiator” that cools the compressed intake charge after it leaves the turbocharger and before it reaches the engine. Without an intercooler, the pressurizing process heats the air too much, which can cause dangerous pre-detonation.
Turbo Manifold and Downpipe
The turbo manifold mounts the turbo on the engine and places the compressor blades in the exhaust stream so that the turbo can operate. The Downpipe links the turbo with the rest of the exhaust piping, seamlessly linking it into the car’s existing exhaust system.
Intercooler and Intake Piping
The intercooler and intake piping connect the engine air filter with the intake port on the turbocharger, the compressor outlet to the intercooler and the intake manifold. Turbo piping has to be stronger than stock components to deal with the extra strain of the pressurized intake stream.
Oil/Coolant supply lines
Depending on whether your turbocharger is water cooled, coolant lines may or may not be necessary for your turbo kit. All turbos will require oil supply lines to keep their bearings cooled and lubricated.
Many turbo kits will require a fuel controller to ensure the engine is including the right measure of fuel for the additional pressure in the intake charge.
From the above, you can assemble your own turbo kit. There are additionally vehicle-specific turbo kits available. Your engine should be in superb condition before introducing a turbo kit. You can ordinarily pick up between 40-120 torque, and more if you install the high-quality piston and connecting rods.
If you choose to perform the installation yourself, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions exactly. If you choose to have the work done professionally, most turbo kit manufacturers can recommend a qualified installer. Reach out to us at Diesel Components Inc. for a remarkable job with your turbo kit.